The Netherlands is a country in northwestern Europe known for its flat landscape of canals, tulip fields, windmills and bicycle paths. Amsterdam, the capital, hosts the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum and the house where Anne Frank lived illegally and wrote her diary during the Second World War. The houses along the canals and the many works by artists such as Rembrandt and Vermeer are remnants of the city’s “golden age” in the 1600s.